Common Lawn Pest Insects in California

Overview of Lawn Pest Insect Problems

While insects are not an overwhelming problem in lawns and sports fields in California, the can become damaging pests that kill large areas of turf. The damage caused by pest insects is often mistaken for dog or other animal urine and first appears as small yellow, brown, or dead spots. If not diagnosed correctly, these areas can quickly spread to cover large area of grass.

Insects that inhabit the surface and subsoils of lawns and turfs bring larger pest animals that damage the beauty of greenways as they dig for food.

The most common insects that cause damage to lawns in California are white grubs, cutworms and armyworms, sod web worms, and billbugs. These insects feed on different parts of the plant including the roots, crowns, and leaves.

Here is a really good five minute video from a lawn production specialist covering a large variety of lawn and turf pests, including ones mentioned below that occur in California.

Below is a brief description of each insect, the damage they cause, and how to monitor and determine if they may be causing a problem on your grass.

Related Lawn Care Topics

White Grubs – Identification, Monitor and Treat

White grubs are the most common pest in California lawns and are capable of causing significant damage. They are the larval stage of masked chafers, “May Beetles”, “June Bugs” which are a common site in the summer months. These grubs are around 1 inch long, have 6 legs, are whitish to yellow in color with a reddish head, and are C-shaped.

lawns masked chafers  ucipm online

lawns masked chafers ucipm online

Grub damage usually occurs in early and late summer. The damaged is caused when grubs feed on the roots. This causes the grass to appear wilted and dry. If you can easily peal or pull out large chunks of turf with some soil attached, this is a good indirect identification of a white grub problem.

lawns white grubs beyond pest tolerance level

lawns white grubs beyond pest tolerance levels

To monitor and determine if you have a significant problem, dig out a 1 foot square section of lawn to get a direct identification of a white grub problem. If there are more than 8 white grubs you have a problem that should be addressed. As you will find white grubs generally in this environment, so as not to over-treat your lawn or turf, it is advised to set this type of white grub “pest tolerance level” before treating. Chemical treatments are the best option.

Cutworms and Armyworms – Identification, Monitor and Treat

lawns cutworm from ucipm online

lawns cutworm from ucipm online

Cutworms and Armyworms are fat and range in color from green, dark gray, to brown. The larvae can be up to 2 inches long. When disturbed, they will curl up and lie still. Adult cutworms and armyworms appear as brown moths, 1-1 ½ inches long, in the spring and summer.

While cutworms are usually solitary feeders, armyworms feed in groups. However, the damage done is very similar and occurs from March through October. Cutworms and armyworms burrow in their holes during the day and come out to feed during the night. They feed on the crowns and leaves of the plant and show damage as small circular depressed spots. These spots are much more noticeable in grass that is mowed shorter. Just because you don´t see the damage in taller grass, still they are doing significant damage.

A good way to monitor for these pests is to use a light to inspect just before dawn for moths that are around 1 inch in size flying around. You can also use a drench test which is described below under the sod webworm heading.

Sodworms – Identification, Monitor and Treat

Sod webworms are creamy in color and have a distinctive double row of black or brown spots down the back.

lawns adult sod webworm

lawns adult sod webworm

The adult sod webworm takes the form of a white or light brown moth ¾ or less in size and when at rest is very slender.

Sod webworms do damage to turf by cutting off or notching leaf blades and pulling them into their burrow to eat. Areas of heavy sodworm infestation may quickly develop irregular areas of brown patches.

Monitor for webworms from June to October by drench testing. To perform a drench test remove the top and bottom from a 6 inch coffee can. Place the coffee can at the edge of an area you suspect to be sodworm infested. Twist or push the can 2 to 3 inches into the ground. Then continually fill it with water for 10 minutes. If more then 7 worms float to the top your lawn should be treated. As you will find sodworms generally in this environment, so as not to over-treat your lawn or turf, it is advised to set this type of sodworm “pest tolerance level” before treating.

Billbugs – Identification, Monitor and Treat

lawns billbug larval and adult  ucipm online

lawns billbug larval and adult ucipm online

In the larval stage billbugs are 3/8 of an inch long, creamy white with a brown head, and legless. Adult billbugs are beetles that are 1/3 of an inch long and have a snout.

Larvae first do damage by feeding on the inside of the stems and crowns of grass. As they grow they move into the soil to feed on shallow roots. The damage to the grass looks similar to white grub damage. The difference being that billbugs feed higher up on the roots. Therefore, when you peel the grass, you will find that soil will not be attached.

To monitor for billbugs you can dig up the soil and look for grubs. You can also pull grass in the affected area and if the stalks break easily you will see sawdust like material which is the excrement of the billbugs. Remember, billbug larva do not have legs. You can also perform a drench test. It will help to add an ounce or so of dishwashing soap to the water.

Hearts Pest Management Lawn and Turf Care Pest Professionals

Our lawn care and turf pest professionals are here to help you with the identification, monitoring and treatment of white grubs, cutworms, armyworms, sodworms, pillbugs, simply any lawn and turf pest issue. Call us for help improving your greenscapes.

City Services for Pest Control in Los Angeles
Los Angeles • 800-986-1006
Agoura Hills Granada Hills Reseda
Alhambra Hacienda Heights Rolling Hills Estates
Arcadia Hidden Hills Santa Fe Springs
Beverly Hills Hollywood Santa Monica
Burbank La Verne Sherman Oaks
Calabasas Long Beach Sylmar
Cerritos Malibu Tarzana
City of Industry Manhattan Beach Toluca Lake
City of Los Angeles Marina Del Rey Torrance
Claremont North Hollywood Venice
Culver City Northridge Walnut
Cypress Pacific Palisades West Covina
Diamond Bar Palos Verdes Estates West Hollywood
El Monte Pasadena West Los Angeles
El Segundo Pomona Westlake Village
Encino Rancho Palos Verdes Whittier
Glendale Redondo Beach Woodland Hills

City Services for Pest Control in Orange County
Orange County • 800-986-1006
Aliso Viejo Garden Grove Orange
Anaheim Huntington Beach Rancho Santa Margarita
Brea Irvine Rossmoor
Buena Park La Habra San Clemente
Capistrano Beach Laguna Beach San Juan Capistrano
City of Orange Laguna Hills Santa Ana
Corona Del Mar Laguna Niguel Tustin
Costa Mesa Lake Forest Villa Park
Dana Point Los Alamitos Westminster
Fountain Valley Mission Viejo Yorba Linda
Fullerton Newport Beach
City Services for Pest Control in San Diego
San Diego Inland • 858-486-1006
4S Ranch Rancho Bernardo Scripps Ranch
Poway Rancho Penasquitos
Back Country • 760-789-4004
Descanso Pine Valley Santa Ysabel
Julian Ramona
North Inland • 760-745-1331
Bonsall Fallbrook Pauma Valley
Escondido Hidden Meadows Valley Center
City of San Diego • 619-440-6080
Coronado Pacific Beach The City of San Diego
Mira Mesa Point Loma
North Coastal • 760-753-8008
Cardiff By The Sea Encinitas San Marcos
Carlsbad La Jolla Solana Beach
Carmel Valley Oceanside Vista
Del Mar Rancho Santa Fe
South San Diego - East San Diego • 619-440-6080
Alpine East Lakes Chula Vista La Mesa
Bonita El Cajon Lakeside
Chula Vista Imperial Beach Santee