Snail Biology

The brown garden snail is the most common in California Gardens. Slugs and snails are hermaphroditic, which means that all snails and slugs can lay eggs. Typically they will lay eggs twice a year which are about 80 glossy white eggs.

During cold weather snails hibernate in the soil. However, snails and slugs also try to hide from heat and can be seen most often on cloudy and/or damp days.

Snail Identification

Snails and slugs eat a variety of different plants. Typically one could identify a snail infestation due to the irregular damage done to leaves and flowers. Snails prefer succulents over common foliage.


Garden Snail

Pest Control Solutions for Snails

There are many effective ways to get rid of snails,:

  • Remove debris, such as, rocks, wooden structures, and ornamental figures that provide hiding spaces.


  • Handpicking the snails on a regular basis.  You have probably tried this unsuccessfully.  Places boxes under trees with snails can be very effective as the snails will, en mass, move into the boxes to obtain shade.  From the boxes, you will be able to scape off many snails that found comfort from the heat in these boxes.


  • Snail baits are effective, however baits with metaldehyde are poisonous to cats and dogs, therefore they should not be used in gardens, where animals can roam freely. Alternatively, recently released products, such as Sluggo, is effective and are labeled for use around domesticated animals.


  • Introduce natural predators such as predatory snails.  These predators, known as decollate snails, are an effective method of reducing the snail population. They feed on smaller snails, however they sometimes will feed on seedlings and small plants and can in turn become a pest.


  • Barriers can be placed on trees to keep snails from crawling upward.


  • At Hearts Pest Management, we will be using Sluggo granules to manage the snail population in a manner that is sensitive to the various pesticide risk factors. We can also add manual boxes in locations we determine to manually collect snails. We can also use exclusion methods to keep snails off trees.


Garden Snails

A pair of snails after the rain.

Snail References:

University of California Agricultural and Natural Resources. Dept. home page. 31 Jan. 2008. U of California, Davis. 29 Mar. 2

Pest Control Production List
Review our Pest control labels and MSDS: Pest Control Product Ingredient List, which is amended regularly as we research the best pest control products available for snails.

Pest control consulting technicians dispatched from your home town!

City Services for Pest Control in Los Angeles
Los Angeles • 800-986-1006
Alhambra Granada Hills Rolling Hills Estates
Arcadia Hacienda Heights Santa Clarita
Beverly Hills Hollywood Santa Fe Springs
Burbank La Verne Santa Monica
Calabasas Long Beach Sherman Oaks
Cerritos Malibu Sylmar
City of Industry Manhattan Beach Tarzana
City Of Los Angeles Marina Del Rey Toluca Lake
Claremont North Hollywood Torrance
Culver City Northridge Venice
Cypress Pacific Palisades Walnut
Diamond Bar Pasadena West Covina
El Monte Pomona West Hollywood
El Segundo Rancho Palos Verdes West Los Angeles
Encino Redondo Beach Whittier
Glendale Reseda Woodland Hills

City Services for Pest Control in Orange County
Orange County • 800-986-1006
Aliso Viejo Garden Grove Orange
Anaheim Huntington Beach Rancho Santa Margarita
Brea Irvine Rossmoor
Buena Park La Habra San Clemente
Capistrano Beach Laguna Beach San Juan Capistrano
City Of Orange Laguna Hills Santa Ana
Corona Del Mar Laguna Niguel Tustin
Costa Mesa Lake Forest Villa Park
Dana Point Los Alamitos Westminster
Fountain Valley Mission Viejo Yorba Linda
Fullerton Newport Beach

City Services for Pest Control in San Diego
San Diego Inland • 858-486-1006
4S Ranch Poway Rancho Penasquitos
Carmel Valley Rancho Bernardo Scripps Ranch
Back Country • 760-789-4004
Julian Ramona Santa Ysabel
North Inland • 760-745-1331
Bonsall Fallbrook Pauma Valley
Escondido Hidden Meadows Valley Center
City of San Diego • 619-440-6080
Coronado Pacific Beach The City Of San Diego
Mira Mesa Point Loma
North Coastal • 760-753-8008
Cardiff By The Sea La Jolla Solana Beach
Carlsbad Oceanside Vista
Del Mar Rancho Santa Fe
Encinitas San Marcos
South San Diego - East San Diego • 619-440-6080
Alpine East Lakes Chula Vista La Mesa
Bonita El Cajon Lakeside
Chula Vista Imperial Beach Santee

City Services for Pest Control in Riverside
Riverside • 951-693-5005
Canyon Lake Menifee Riverside
Chino Hills Moreno Valley Sun City
Corona Murrieta Temecula
Lake Elsinore Norco Winchester

City Services for Pest Control in San Bernardino
San Bernardino • 909-793-0252
Chino Loma Linda Redlands
Fontana Ontario Upland
Highland Rancho Cucamonga Yucaipa


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